Report: APP CMHS Project 4

CSIRO advises that the information contained in this comprises general statements based on scientific research. The reader is advised and needs to be aware that such information may be incomplete or unable to be used in any specific situation. No reliance or actions must therefore be made on that information without seeking prior expert professional, scientific and technical advice. To the extent permitted by law, CSIRO (including its employees and consultants) excludes all liability to any person for any consequences, including but not limited to all losses, damages, costs, expenses and any other compensation, arising directly or indirectly from using this publication (in part or in whole) and any information or material contained in it.

2.5.1. Legislation

The US mining industry is typified by prescriptive legislation and a comprehensive inspectorate dedicated to enforcing such legislation. The prescription in this case is to do with prescribing the outcomes of mine management – specifying exactly what a mine must do in order to operate in what is considered to be a safe manner. Prescriptive mining standards rely on existing normalised rules, largely based on current Best Practices, to mandate safety standards. These standards can produce lengthy and detailed regulations. Changing technology and mining conditions require that these regulations must be constantly reviewed and at times modified. Prescriptive standards are incapable of dealing with hazards associated with specialised and dynamic mining conditions. They also produce a culture of compliance that does not encourage leading practice and leads to a reactive approach to managing hazards.

Regulatory standards with a ‘General Duty Clause’ as found in US industries, such as nuclear, petro-chemical and environment; require the provision, design and adherence to activities that ensure the worker is protected. They follow a structured risk management approach to develop proactive approaches to managing the risks. Safety plans focus on a local site’s approach to assessing risks and mitigating the risks through targeted controls.

APPgate Quick Search

APPgate Partners

APPgate is a collaborative effort of many of the coal producing nations of the Asia Pacific Region:






Republic of Korea



©2021 APPgate