Report: APP CMHS Project 4

CSIRO advises that the information contained in this comprises general statements based on scientific research. The reader is advised and needs to be aware that such information may be incomplete or unable to be used in any specific situation. No reliance or actions must therefore be made on that information without seeking prior expert professional, scientific and technical advice. To the extent permitted by law, CSIRO (including its employees and consultants) excludes all liability to any person for any consequences, including but not limited to all losses, damages, costs, expenses and any other compensation, arising directly or indirectly from using this publication (in part or in whole) and any information or material contained in it.

2.1.2. Legislation

Mining legislation in Australia is of an enabling style rather than prescriptive. Globally, the move away from prescriptive legislation, where regulations specify how a hazard is to be managed, to an enabling style, came about in the 1980’s with the various enquiries into disasters such as Three Mile Island, Flixborough and Piper Alpha.

In Australia, the Moura No. 2 underground coal mine explosion that trapped and killed 11 miners was the most significant catalyst in the move away from prescriptive legislation toward enabling legislation which requires an integrated risk based approach to identifying and controlling all hazards present at a minerals operation. The resultant enquiry ( gives a general indication of the current requirements for managing major hazards in the underground mining context.

The current legislation prescribes the approach to managing risk and requires the individual site to determine how the risks will be managed. The approach for risk management at mines integrates legislative requirements, diligence on the part of company directors, risk assessment techniques, risk analysis, control technology, training and audit and review. There are, however, some prescribed limits and requirements that must be followed, such as prescribed limits for airborne dust, roadway dust, flammable gas concentrations, etc.

APPgate Quick Search

APPgate Partners

APPgate is a collaborative effort of many of the coal producing nations of the Asia Pacific Region:






Republic of Korea



©2020 APPgate