Report: APP CMHS Project 4

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2.1. Australia

The purpose of this section is to outline the implementation of hazard identification and risk management in the Australian mining industry and the key lessons from this process in order to provide a guideline or suggested approach for other countries to implement a similar system.

The intent is to learn from the Australian experience and with the value of hindsight, develop an improved approach that could be used elsewhere.

The report considers the Australian mining industry development of risk management practices. Specific input was sought from the Minerals Industry Safety and Health Centre (MISHC) staff at the University of Queensland.

The key objectives were to:

  • Identify and describe the process of implementation of hazard identification and risk management within the Australian mining industry

  • Highlight recognised key lessons from this process – strengths and weaknesses, successes, failures and suggestions for improvement

  • Indicate what impact the formulation of legislation, onsite implementation, training and audit methods have on risk management and hazard identification

  • Develop a potential hazard identification and risk management implementation plan

  • Determine key milestones and criteria for the implementation of risk management and hazard identification systems to allow for APP Partner countries to measure their performance and progress against a recommended implementation plan.

Professor Jim Joy, Professor and Director, Minerals Industry Safety and Health Centre (MISHC), Anglo American Chair of Safety Risk Management was interviewed and provided information on the process of risk management implementation . Professor Joy has been extensively involved in the implementation process within the Australian mining industry from the 1980s and this report draws significantly on his experience.

MISHC is the leading Australian institution involved in implementing mineral industry risk management programs. Several major companies and the government of Queensland co-operated to form MISHC at the University of Queensland in 1998. This centre conducts research and education as well as develops industry resources on risk management topics. The approach presented by MISHC is indicative of the approach used by most Australian mining companies to manage hazards with multiple fatality potential. MISHC is also responsible for maintaining the Minerals Industry Risk Management Gateway or MIRMGATE (

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